Modern Argentine Poetry: Exile, Displacement, Migration (Iberian and Latin American Studies)
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This book is the first to focus specifically on the exile-poetry link in the case of Argentina since the 1950s. Throughout Argentina's history, authors and important political figures have lived and written in exile. Thus exile is both a vital theme and a practical condition for Argentine letters, yet conversely, contemporary Argentina is a nation of immigrants from Europe and the rest of Latin America. Poetry is often perceived as the least directly political of genres, yet political and other forms of exile have impinged equally on the lives of poets as on any group. This study concentrates on writers who both regarded themselves as in some way exiled and who wrote about exile. This selection includes poets who are influential and recognised, but in general have not enjoyed the detailed study that they deserve: Alejandra Pizarnik, Juan Gelman, Osvaldo Lamborghini, Nestor Perlongher, Sergio Raimondi, Cristian Aliaga, and Washington Cucurto.
against the backdrop of the Sandinista struggle’s international context. In Central America, literature has acted as an ideological practice in national liberation struggles, and revolutionary movements in the region have involved the union of popular sectors and a radicalised intelligentsia, with writers of the 1960s and 70s explicitly linking their work in literature to the building of revolutionary organisations (xi). The Central American revolutions, in particular Nicaragua, offer a Modern
Braidotti’s thesis insists that, firstly, ‘a non-unitary vision of the subject is the necessary precondition for the creation of more adequate accounts of our location’ (93), and, secondly, ‘far from resulting in oral relativism, non-unitary subject positions engender alternative systems of values and specific forms of accountability’ (93). Nomadic subjects are ‘qualitative multiplicities’, for example, black and Muslim and woman at once (94). Thus, Braidotti offers us a mode of multiple,
fixation that is close to the experience of melancholy as Modern Argentine Poetry (Revised).indd 70 05/05/2011 10:08 Juan Gelman 71 analysed and described by Sigmund Freud in his essay ‘Mourning and Melancholia’ (2005 ). no quiero otra noticia sino vos/ cualquier otra es migajita donde se muere de hambre la memoria/ cava para seguir buscándote/ se vuelve loca de oscuridad/ [. . .] (64) I want no other news but you/ any other is a tiny crumb where memory dies of hunger/ dig [or
before his death in 2002 had become a millionaire through business deals with many of those he had attacked as a militant in the 1970s, including a victim of a montonero kidnapping. Secondly, he outlines the typical path of repentance: accepting the ‘Theory of the Two Demons’, the notion popularised by the CONADEP report, Nunca más, that during the 1970s an innocent civil society in Argentina was plagued by the excesses of two rival bands, the guerrilleros and the military, a liberal fantasy
study of ‘transitional’ art in Latin American, particularly Argentina and Chile, Francine Masiello highlights the importance of exile in the work of writers such as Juan Gelman, María Negroni and others. Masiello credits poetry with great importance in the dictatorship and post-dictatorship eras, given its ability to speak ‘from places unauthorised by the state and [. . .] in defiance of massification’ and its rebellion against the usefulness of language (223–4). Translation and citation become a