Food Politics: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Food Politics: What Everyone Needs to Know®

Language: English

Pages: 280

ISBN: 0199322384

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

The politics of food is changing fast. In rich countries, obesity is now a more serious problem than hunger. Consumers once satisfied with cheap and convenient food now want food that is also safe, nutritious, fresh, and grown by local farmers using fewer chemicals. Heavily subsidized and underregulated commercial farmers are facing stronger push back from environmentalists and consumer activists, and food companies are under the microscope. Meanwhile, agricultural success in Asia has spurred income growth and dietary enrichment, but agricultural failure in Africa has left one-third of all citizens undernourished - and the international markets that link these diverse regions together are subject to sudden disruption.

The second edition of Food Politics: What Everyone Needs to Know® has been thoroughly updated to reflect the latest developments and research on today's global food landscape, including biofuels, the international food market, food aid, obesity, food retailing, urban agriculture, and food safety. The second edition also features an expanded discussion of the links between water, climate change, and food, as well as farming and the environment. New chapters look at livestock, meat and fish and the future of food politics.

Paarlberg's book challenges myths and critiques more than a few of today's fashionable beliefs about farming and food. For those ready to have their thinking about food politics informed and also challenged, this is the book to read.

What Everyone Needs to Know® is a registered trademark of Oxford University Press.

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United States) and also because so many potential victims had already died. In addition, Britain finally responded by sending food and funds to help Ireland, so by 1849–50, public workhouses were able to care for those left destitute by the continuing crop failures. In the case of Ukraine, by 1933, roughly 25 percent of the population had already perished, including nearly all of the propertied farmers who had resisted the move toward socialized agriculture. Once private agriculture had been

between 1966 and 1972, it was found that small farms (less than 1 hectare in size) adopted the new seeds more quickly than larger farms (over 3 hectares in size). The higher yielding green revolution varieties also brought a substantial increase in annual farm labor use per unit of cropped land, pushing up rural wages to the benefit of the landless poor. Critics try to ignore these gains. In 1992, long after the results of green revolution technology were shown in Asia, celebrity activist

than 5 percent of the ADI level. For the other 34 chemicals, estimated exposures were even lower, at less than 1 percent of the ADI level. Carl K. Winter and Sarah F. Davis, food scientists at the University of California–Davis and the Institute of Food Technologies, conclude from these data, “[T]he marginal benefits of reducing human exposure to pesticides in the diet through increased consumption of organic produce appear to be insignificant.” It is true that conventional foods are sometimes

created at Bretton Woods in 1944. They are largely funded by wealthy country governments and empowered to make sizable loans to governments in developing countries, particularly those facing financial crises or struggling to create a policy environment for sustained economic growth. The lending conditions typically imposed by the IMF include market deregulation and an end to inflationary fiscal and monetary policies. The World Bank in the 1960s and 1970s became a significant source of lending for

Asia, particularly in India and Bangladesh. In 1967, William and Paul Paddock, an agronomist and a former Department of State official, wrote a best seller titled Famine 1975! in which they projected India would never be able to feed its growing population. The Paddocks even warned it would be a mistake to give food aid to India because that would keep people alive just long enough to have still more children, leading to even more starvation in the future. Fortunately, this advice was not taken.

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