Epistemology: An Anthology
Ernest Sosa, Matthew McGrath
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New and thoroughly updated, Epistemology: An Anthology continues to represent the most comprehensive and authoritative collection of canonical readings in the theory of knowledge.
- Concentrates on the central topics of the field, such as skepticism and the Pyrrhonian problematic, the definition of knowledge, and the structure of epistemic justification
- Offers coverage of more specific topics, such as foundationalism vs coherentism, and virtue epistemology
- Presents wholly new sections on 'Testimony, Memory, and Perception' and 'The Value of Knowledge'
- Features modified sections on 'The Structure of Knowledge and Justification', 'The Non-Epistemic in Epistemology', and 'The Nature of the Epistemic'
- Includes many of the most important contributions made in recent decades by several outstanding authors
writes: The challenge of doxastic assent might well be thought a pseudo-challenge, however, since it would deny knowledge to infants and animals. Admittedly, there is a sense in which even a supermarket door "knows" when someone approaches, and in which a heating system "knows" when the temperature in a room rises above a certain setting. Such is "servo-mechanic" knowledge. And there is an immense variety of animal knowledge, instinctive or learned, which facilitates survival and flourishing in
truth-conducive or he won't. Consider the first alternative. If Fred has a reason for thinking that propositions possessing the autonomous bit of warrant are, in virtue of that fact, likely to be true (even to some small extent), then the regress has not actually stopped, for Fred has a reason for thinking that b is true. Fred has given up his foundational ism in order to satisfy a perfectly reasonable question, namely "Do you think the possession of autonomous warrant is linked to truth?" Now,
Naturalized;' pp. 68-90 in Ontological Relativity and Other Essays (Columbia University Press, 1969). © 1969 by Columbia University Press. Reprinted with permission of the publisher. 40. Kim, Jaegwon, "What is 'Naturalized Epistemology'?" m J. Tomberlin (ed.), Philosophical Perspectives 2. Epistemology (Atascadero, CA: Ridgeview Publishing Co., 1988), pp. 381-405. © 1998 by Philosophical Perspectives. Reprinted with permission from Blackwell Publishing. 41. Antony, Louise M., "Quine as Feminist:
Keith Lehrer (eds), Knowledge and Skepticism (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1989), pp. 51-68. 6 INTRODUCTION Strawson, P. F., Skepticism and Naturalism: Some Varieties (London: Methuen, 1985). Stroud, Barry, "Understanding Human Knowledge in General;' in Marjorie Clay and Keith Lehrer (eds), Knowledge and Skepticism (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1989), pp. 31-50. - - , The Significance of Philosophical Scepticism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984). Unger, Peter, Ignorance: A Case for
consequence of the sorts of epistemic properties which are directly required to solve the regress problem. But until such an argument is given (and it is doubtful that it can be), the question of whether basic beliefs are or can be certain, infallible, etc., will remain a relatively unimportant side-issue. Indeed, many recent foundationists have felt that even the relatively modest version of strong foundation ism outlined above is still too strong. Their alternative, still within the general